Текст слайда: The Peter and Paul Fortress Логинова Ольга Анатольевна Учитель английского языка ГБОУ СОШ №180 г. Санкт-Петербург 2013г.
Текст слайда: The foundation stone of the fortress was laid on the 16th of May (27th of May by new style) in 1703.
Текст слайда: Peter I marked the place for fortress gates with two birch-trees.
Текст слайда: Peter l decided to build a new fortress on a small island . This island is called Zayachy island. Zayachy island is situated at the point where the river branches out into two arms. The island made good defence position.
Текст слайда: The fortress took its name from the small wooden church in the center of the unfinished fortress. This church was dedicated to the Apostles Peter and Paul.
Текст слайда: One of the first images of the Peter and Paul Fortress.
Текст слайда: Soon after that another fortress on Cronshlodt Island was built and the Peter and Paul fortress lost its military role .
Текст слайда: The fortress turned into a political prison.
Текст слайда: Alexei the son of Peter I, was one of the first prisoners.
Текст слайда: He opposed Peter’s reforms and joined in a conspiracy against him. Alexei was imprisoned and executed in one of the casemates of the fortress.
Текст слайда: The writer Alexander Radishev wrote the book “Voyage from St. Petersburg to Moscow”. The book was directed against the tsar’s system. He was imprisoned in 1790.
Текст слайда: Five of the Decembrists were hung in the Peter and Paul’s Fortress. They took part in the revolt against autocratic rule of the tsar in December 1825.
Текст слайда: Fyodor Dostoevsky Maxim Gorky These writers were imprisoned in the fortress.
Текст слайда: In the center of the fortress stands the Mint. It was founded in 1724. Coins, badges, orders, medals have been minted there.
Текст слайда: http://pro100-mica.livejournal.com/90253.html http://www.liveinternet.ru/users/2010239/post232528168 Источники Учебное пособие М.А. Гацкевич «Санкт-Петербург»