Презентация на тему "Wage Determination Appendix" по английскому языку

Презентация по слайдам
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Текст слайда: Wage Determination Appendix Copyright © 2012 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. McGraw-Hill/Irwin 13A


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Текст слайда: Union Membership 15.3 million workers in 2009 8 million in AFL-CIO (The American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations ) 6 million in Change to Win The Change to Win Federation (CtW) is a coalition of American labor unions  Remaining in other independent unions LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Unionization rate highest among: Government Telecommunication Transportation Construction Manufacturing Lowest among: Finance Agriculture Retail Trade LO7 Union Membership 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Distribution of union membership 13% men versus 11% women 14% African American versus 12% white 11% Asians 10% Hispanics A trade union (British English, where also amalgamation is used), labour union (Canadian English) or labor union (American English) LO7 Union Membership 13App-*


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Текст слайда: LO7 Union Membership 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Decline of Unionism 22 million workers in 1980 15.3 million workers in 2009 Structural changes in economy Increased management opposition to unions Substitution of machinery for workers Improved wages, fringe benefits, and working conditions LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Collective Bargaining Union status Closed shop Union shop Agency shop Open shop (A closed shop is a form of union security agreement under which the employer agrees to hire unionmembers only, and employees must remain members of the union at all times in order to remain employed) LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Collective Bargaining Managerial prerogatives Wages and hours Seniority and job protection Grievance procedures LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: The Bargaining Process Begins 60 days before contract expires Possibility of strike Compromise National Labor Relations Board LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Economic Effects of Unions Featherbedding and work rules Output losses from strikes Efficiency losses from labor misallocation Offsetting factors Featherbedding is the practice of hiring more workers than are needed to perform a given job, or to adopt work procedures which appear pointless, complex and time-consuming merely to employ additional workers. The term "make-work" is sometimes used as a synonym for featherbedding. LO7 13App-*


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Текст слайда: Wn Wage Rate Sector 1: Union Employment Wage Rate Sector 2: Nonunion Employment N1 0 0 Du=MRP N2 Wu Wn D E Ws Dn=MRP N1 N3 Economics Effects of Unions LO7 13App-*


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