Текст слайда: A simple vocabulary for understanding hackers language: Cracker – a person, who deals with breaking into other`s system; Hacker – a person, who enjoys exploring computer system; Hack – an appropriate application of ingenuity; Elite - a general positive adjective; Elegant – combining simplicity, power, grace of design; Kluge – a program that is very difficult to use because of poor design decision; Loser – lamer, who is not able to use machine; Magic – too complicated to explain; Mu – your question cannot be answered; Nil – no; T – yes; Suit – ugly and uncomfortable “business clothing”; Real world – location of non-programmers.
Текст слайда: Overgeneralization Hackers enjoy overgeneralization on the grammatical level. Many hackers love to take various words and add wrong endings to them to make nouns and verbs: mysterious – mysteriousity; ferrous – ferriousity; obvious – obviousity; dubious – dubiousity. Another class of common construction uses the suffix “-itude” to abstract a quality from just about any adjective or noun: win – winnitude; loss – lossitude; craft – craftitude; lame – lameitude.
Текст слайда: Some hackers cheerfully reverse this transformation: they argue, for example, that the horizontal degree line on a globe ought to be called “lats” – after all, they`re measuring latitude. Also, note that “all nouns can be verbed”: “All nouns can be verbed”; “I'll l mouse it up”; “Hang on while I clipboard it over”; “I`m grepping the files”
Текст слайда: Similarly, all verbs can be nouned: win – winnitude, winnage; disgust>disgustitude; hack> hackification; There are also certain kinds of non-standard plural forms: mouse – meeces; caboose – cabeese; bunch of sock – soxen; mongoose – polygoose.
Текст слайда: Conclusion In conclusion I would say: This is not “poor grammar”, as hackers are generally quite well aware of what they are doing when they distort the language. It is grammatical creativity, a form of playfulness. It is done not to impress but to amuse.
Текст слайда: T – yes / NIL - no There are also ways to answer such questions: “T” for “yes”, “NIL” for “no”, and especially hackish “Mu”, which can be translated from Japanese as “Your question can`t be answered because it depends on incorrect assumptions”
Текст слайда: Sound-alike slang Hackers often make rhymes or puns in order to convert an ordinary word or phrase in order to achieve a humorous effect. For example: “For historical reasons” – “For hysterical raisins”; “Government property” – “Government duplicity”; “New York-Times” – “New York Slime”.
Текст слайда: The P-convention The P-convention means turning a word into a question by adding the syllable “P”. The question should expect a yes/no answer. For example: Q: “Foodp?” A: “Yeah, I`m pretty hungry!” The second example: Instead of “How are you doing?” Q: “State-of-the-worldp?” A: “Yes, the world has a state.”
Текст слайда: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Текст слайда: Hacker`s speech Hackish speech generally features extremely precise diction, careful word choice, a large working vocabulary and little use of contractions or street slang. Hackers, as a rule, play with words and are very conscious and inventive in their use of language. Dry humor, irony, puns and a mildly flippant attitude are highly valued – but underlying seriousness and intelligence are essential.
Текст слайда: Gargonification: Methods of gargonification: verb doubling; sound-alike slang; the P-convention; overgeneralization And others.
Текст слайда: Verb doubling A standard construction in English, is to double a verb and use it as an exclamation. For example: “Bang-bang!”, “Quack-quack!”; “Lose, Lose!”; “Flame, Flame!”; “Chomp, Chomp!”.
Текст слайда: Some Aspects of Hacker`s Language “To follow the path: Look at the master, Follow the master, Walk with the master, Become the master!”
Текст слайда: Who are the hackers? Hackers have very rich culture because of intelligence and creativity. It has it`s own myths, heroes, folk epics, taboos and dreams. Hackers as a group are particularly creative people with their own values and working habits, they have unusually rich and conscious traditions, which unite them and help to recognize each other`s places in the community. Hackers might characterized: as “an appropriate application of ingenuity”; “a create practical joke”.