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Authoritarianism vs. Democracy A comparison
How To Read This Presentation Each slide describes an aspect of government. The bullets written in red describe authoritarian or totalitarian systems. The bullets written in white represent democratic elements.
Extent of Government Power Representative Democracy Government is limited by the consent of the people (republic) Authoritarian: Government is not limited.
Power is held by an individual or small group (junta or group of generals) Power is exercised by elected officials who are chosen by ballot. Control of Power
Civil Liberties and Rights Rights are not guaranteed in practice. Liberties and rights are guaranteed by a constitution.
Elections Elections do not offer a choice. Single party system is in effect. Elections offer a choice of candidates with differing ideas, usually in a two- or multi- party system.
Rule of Law Government does not always follow rule of law. Government and people are under the rule of law.
Maintaining Order Force or threat of force are used frequently to keep peace. Orderly demonstrations are legal and protests are guaranteed by law. Force is used only to restrain the disorderly.